A BWCA Glossary
- Any of several coniferous trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Taxus. Canada Yew (Taxus
canadensis) is a shrub native to the North Woods and a favored moose browse. From
the Old English iw or eow.
- On a canoe, a shaped crosspiece, generally hardwood and often with pads, designed to balance the load of the
canoe on one's shoulders while portaging. Also called a Portage Yoke.
- A small lake in the Kawishiwi River drainage south of Insula. "Red
Bird" in the Lakotah language.
- Zone of Aeration
- Zone immediately below the ground surface within which pore spaces are partially filled with water and partially
filled with air.
- Zone of Saturation
- The zone below the zone of æration in which all pore spaces are filled with water.
- Zones, USDA
- Regional climatic area designations based upon average maximum low winter temperatures. Most of the North Country
is in USDA zones 3 (30°-40° below zero) and 2 (40°-50° below zero).
- Literally animal plankton and includes the eggs, young, and small adult animals of all animal species. Zooplankton
are generally longer than 153 µm, up to about 5,000 µm or about 0.2". Freshwater zooplankton are dominated
by four major groups of animals: protozoa, rotifers, and two subclasses of the Crustacea,
the cladocerans and copepods. From the Greek, zoi
(zoi), "animal", and planktos (planktos), "to wander