Salvelinus fontinalis x S. namaycush
Splake

Splake

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The natural history of the northwoods

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Name:

  • Salvelinus, an old name for char, from the same root as the German, Saibling, (little salmon)
  • fontinalis x S. namaycush, a natural hybrid of the Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and the Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush)
  • Common Name
  • Other common names include: Wendigo, truite moulac (Qué)

Taxonomy:

  • Kingdom Animalia
    • Phylum Chordata,
    • Subphylum Vertebrata,
      • Superclass Osteichthyes, bony fishes
      • Class Actinopterygii, ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
      • Subclass Neopterygii
      • Infraclass Teleostei
        • Superorder Protacanthopterygii
        • Order Salmoniformes, salmon and trout
          • Family Salmonidae, salmon and trout
            • Genus Salvelinus, the chars

Description:

  • Length
  • Weight
  • Coloration
  • Body
    • tails can be almost square or slightly forked
  • Head
  • Lifespan

Identification:

  • The only sure way to distinguish from a Brook Trout or Lake Trout is to open up the fish and count the pyloric caeca, finger-like projections in the stomach cavity: Brook Trout numbers vary from 23 to 55; Lake Trout 93 to 208; Splake 65 to 85.

Distribution:

  • Some of the BWCA lakes where Splake occur include Conchu,

Habitat:

Food:

  • Minnows, insects, snails, and small perch.

History:

  • Minnesota Record: 13 lbs. 05 oz., Larson Lake

Uses:

Reproduction:

Comments:

Links:

Boreal border

Last updated on 21 April, 2001