Herbaceous Plants of the Northwoods

Fireweed

Flora, fauna, earth, and sky...
The natural history of the northwoods

.

Terrestrial Herbs

  • Achillea millefolium, Yarrow
  • Actaea spp, Baneberries
    • pachypoda, White Baneberry
    • rubra, Red Baneberry
  • Amerorchis rotundifolia, Round Leaf Orchis
  • Anaphalis margaritacea, Pearly Everlasting
  • Andropogon gerardii, Big Blue Stem
  • Anemone spp, Windflowers
  • Antennaria spp, Pussytoes
    • microphylla, Little Leaf Pussytoes
    • neglecta, Field Pussytoes
    • plantaginifolia, Plantain Leaf Pussytoes
  • Apocynum androsaemifolium, Common Dogbane
  • Aquilegia canadensis, Wild Columbine
  • Aralia spp, Sarsaparillas
    • hispida, Bristley Sarsaparilla
    • nudicaulis, Wild Sarsaparilla
  • Arenaria lateriflora, Sandwort
  • Arethusa bulbosa, Swamp Pink
  • Aster spp, Asters
    • ciliolatus, Fringed Blue Aster
    • macrophyllus, Large Leaf Aster
    • ptarmicoides, Upland White Aster
    • puniceus, Swamp Blue Aster
    • umbellatus, Flattop White Aster
  • Astragalus canadensis, Milk Vetch
  • Calamagrostis spp, Reed Grasses
  • Calopogon puchellus, Grass Pink Orchid
  • Calypso bulbosa, Fairy Slipper Orchid
  • Campanula spp, Bell Flowers
    • aparinoides, White Bell Flower
    • rotundifolia, Harebell
    • uliginosa, Swamp Bell Flower
  • Carex spp, Sedges
  • Chelone glabra, Turtlehead
  • Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Ox Eye Daisy
  • Cirsium muticum, Swamp Thistle
  • Clintonia borealis, Blue Bead Lily
  • Coeloglossum viride, Long Bracted Orchid
  • Comandra spp, Bastard Toadflaxes
    • livida, Northern Bastard Toadflax
    • richardsiana, Bastard Toadflax
  • Convolvulvus spithameus,Upright Bindweed
  • Coptis trifolia, Goldthread
  • Corallorrhiza, Coralroot Orchids
    • maculata, Spotted Coralroot
    • striata, Striped Coralroot
    • trifida, Early Coralroot
  • Corydalis sempervirens, Pale Corydalis
  • Cuscuta gronovii, Dodder
  • Cypripedium spp, Ladyslipper Orchids
    • acaule, Moccasin Flower
    • arietinum, Ram's Head Ladyslipper (TH-MN)
    • calceolus, Yellow Ladyslipper
    • reginae, Showy Ladyslipper
  • Epilobium spp, Willowherbs
    • angustifolium, Fireweed
    • coloratum, Purple Leaf Willowherb
    • glandulosum, Northern Willowherb
    • strictum, Downy Willowherb
  • Erigeron strigosus, Common Fleabane
  • Eupatorium spp,
    • maculatum, Joe Pye Weed
    • perfoliatum, Boneset
    • purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed
  • Fragaria spp, Strawberries
    • vesca, Woodland Strawberry
    • virginiana, Wild Strawberry
  • Galium spp., Bedstraws
    • asparine, Cleavers
    • asprellum, Rough Bedstraw
    • boreale, Northern Bedstraw
    • lanceolatum, Yellow Wild Licorice
    • triflorum, Fragrant Bedstraw
  • Gentiana spp, Gentians
    • andrewsii, Closed Gentian
    • crinita, Fringed Gentian
  • Geranium bicknelli, Wild Geranium
  • Gnaphalium obtusifolium, Sweet Everlasting
  • Goodyera spp, Rattlesnake Plantain Orchids
    • repens, Dwarf Rattlesnake Plantain
    • tesselata, Greater Rattlesnake Plantain
  • Hepatica americana, Round Lobed Hepatica
  • Heracleum lantana, Cow Parsnip
  • Heuchera richardsonii, Alumroot
  • Hieracium spp, Hawkweeds
    • aurantiacum, Orange Hawkweed
    • canadense, Common Hawkweed
    • scabrum, Rough Hawkweed
  • Hierochloe odorata, Sweet Grass
  • Houstonia longifolia, Common Houstonia
  • Hypericum spp, St. Johnsworts
    • majus, Common St. Johnswort
    • virginicum, Marsh St. Johnswort
  • Impatiens spp, Jewelweeds
    • capensis, Spotted Jewelweed
    • pallida, Pale Jewelweed
  • Lathyrus spp, Sweet Peas
    • japonicus, Beach Pea
    • ochroleucus, Pale Pea
    • venosus, Purple Pea
  • Lilium philadelphicum, Wood Lily
  • Liparis loeselii, Loesel's Twayblade Orchid
  • Listera spp, Twayblade Orchids
    • auriculata, Auricled Twayblade (EN-MN)
    • convallarioides, Broad Leaf Twayblade (SSC)
    • cordata, Heart Leaf Twayblade
  • Lotus corniculatus, Bird's Foot Trefoil
  • Maianthemum canadense, Canada Mayflower
  • Malaxis spp, Adder's Mouth Orchids
    • monophyllos, White Adder's Mouth (SSC)
    • paludosa, Bog Adder's Mouth (EN-MN)
    • unifolia, Green Adder's Mouth
  • Matricaria maritima, Scentless Chamomile
  • Melampyrum lineare, Cow Wheat
  • Meliolotus spp, Sweet Clovers
  • Mentha arvensis, Field Mint
  • Mertensia paniculata, Tall Lungwort
  • Mitella nuda, Naked Mitrewort
  • Moneses uniflora, One Flowered Pyrola
  • Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
  • Oenothera spp, Evening Primroses
    • biennis, Common Evening Primrose
    • parviflora, Small Flowered
    • perennis, Sundrops
  • Oxalis montana, Woodsorrel
  • Petasites spp, Coltsfoot
    • frigidus, Early Sweet Coltsfoot
    • sagittatus, Sweet Coltsfoot
  • Platanthera spp, Rein Orchids
    • clavellata, Small Green Wood Orchid (SSC)
    • dilatata, Tall White Bog Orchid
    • hookeri, Hooker's Rein Orchid
    • hyperborea, Tall Northern Bog Orchid
    • lacera, Ragged Fringed Orchid
    • obtusata, Blunt Leaf Orchid
    • orbiculata, Large Round Leaf Orchid
    • psycodes, Purple Fringed Orchid
  • Pogonia ophioglossoides, Rose Pogonia
  • Polygala paucifolia, Fringed Polygala
  • Polygonatum spp, Solomon's Seals
    • biflorum, Smooth Solomon's Seal
    • pubescens, Hairy Solomon's Seal
  • Polygonum cilinode, Fringed Bindweed
  • Potentilla spp., Cinquefoils
    • arguta, Tall Cinquefoil
    • norvejica, Rough Cinquefoil
    • tridentata, Wine Leaf Cinquefoil
  • Prenanthes alba, Rattlesnake Root
  • Prunella vulgaris, Self Heal
  • Pyrola spp, Shinleafs
    • asarifolia, Pink Shinleaf
    • elliptica, White Flowered Pyrola
    • minor, Lesser Pyrola (SSC)
    • rotundifolia, Round Leaf Pyrola
    • secunda, One Sided Shinleaf
    • virens, Nodding Pyrola
  • Ranunculus spp, Buttercups
    • acris, Meadow Buttercup
    • flammula, Spearwort
  • Scutellaria spp, Skullcaps
    • epilobiifolia, Common Skullcap
    • lateriflora, Mad Dog Skullcap
  • Senecio pauperculus, Northern Ragwort
  • Smilacina spp, False Solomon's Seals
    • racemosa, False Solomon's Seal
    • stellata, Starry False Solomon's Seal
    • trifolia, Bog False Solomon's Seal
  • Solidago spp, Goldenrods
    • canadensis, Canada Goldenrod
    • graminifolia, Grass Leaf Goldenrod
    • hispida, Upland Goldenrod
    • juncea, Early Goldenrod
    • missouriensis, Prairie Goldenrod
    • rigida, Stiff Goldenrod
    • uliginosa, Bog Goldenrod
  • Spiranthes ssp, Ladies' Tresses Orchids
    • lacera, Northern Slender Ladies' Tresses
    • romanzoffiana, Hooded Ladies' Tresses
  • Stachys palustris, Common Woundwort
  • Streptopus roseus, Rose Twisted Stalk
  • Taraxacum officinale, Common Dandelion
  • Thalictrum spp, Meadowrues
    • dasycarpum, Tall Meadowrue
    • dioicum, Early Meadowrue
  • Trientalis borealis, Starflower
  • Trifolium spp., Clovers
  • Trillium spp, Trilliums
    • cernuum, Nodding Trillium
    • grandiflorum, Large Flower Trillium
  • Uvularia spp, Bellworts
    • grandiflora, Large Flower Bellwort
    • sessilifolia, Sessile Leaf Bellwort
  • Vicia spp, Vetches
    • americana, American Vetch
    • caracca, Tufted Vetch
  • Viola spp, Violets
    • adunca, Hooked Spur Violet
    • blanda, Sweet White Violet
    • canadensis, Canada Violet
    • cucullata, Marsh Blue Violet
    • incognita, White Swamp Violet
    • nephrophylla, Northern Bog Violet
    • novae-angliae, New England Violet
    • pallens, Northern White Violet
    • pensylvanica, Smooth Yellow Violet
    • pubescens, Downy Yellow Violet
    • renifolia, Kidney Leaf Violet
    • rostrata, Long Spurred Violet
    • septentrionalis, Northern Blue Violet
  • Walsteinia fragarioides, Barren Strawberry (SSC)

Aquatic Herbs

  • Menyanthes trifoliata, Bogbean
  • Myriophyllum spp, Water Milfoils
  • Najas flexilis, Slender Naiad
  • Nuphar spp, Yellow Water Lillies
    • advena, Yellow Water Lily
    • microphyllum, Least Yellow Water Lily
    • rubrodiscum, Lesser Yellow Water Lily
    • varigatum, Greater Yellow Water Lily
  • Nymphaea spp, White Water Lillies
    • leibergii, Leiberg's Water Lily
    • odorata, Fragrant White Water Lily
    • tetragona, Least White Water Lily
    • tuberosa, Tuberous White Water Lily
  • Parnassia palustris, Northern Grass of Parnassus
  • Phragmites communis, Reed Grass
  • Polygonum spp, Smartweeds
    • amphibium, Showy Smartweed
    • coccineum, Scarlet Smartweed
    • natans, Water Smartweed
    • sagittatum, Tearthumb
  • Pontedaria cordata, Pickerel Weed
  • Ranunculus pensylvanicus, Bristly Crowfoot
  • Sagittaria spp, Arrowheads
    • graminea, Grass Leaf Arrowhead
    • latifolia, Broad Leaf Arrowhead
    • rigida, Sessile Fruited Arrowhead
  • Sarracenia purpurea, Pitcher Plant
  • Scirpus spp, Bulrushes
    • acuta, Great Bulrush
    • atrovirens, Green Bulrush
  • Sium suave, Water Parsnip
  • Sparganium spp, Bur Reeds
  • Spirodela polyrhiza, Greater Duckweed
  • Subularia aquatica, Water Awlwort
  • Typha spp, Cattails
  • Utricularia spp, Bladderworts
  • Valisneria americana, Tape Grass

Related Pages

  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Birds, Woodpeckers, Owls, and Chickadees (and the other 7 year round residents)
    • Mammals, Moose, Wolf, and Beaver country
    • Reptiles & Amphibians, in a land of waters, it's mostly frogs
    • Fish, Bass, Northern, Walleye, and Trout - and their finny foodchain
    • Invertebrates, Ticks, Flys, Leaches, and Mosquitos - the welcoming land
  • Earth
    • Ecology,
    • Geology,
    • Limnology,
  • Sky
    • Aurora Borealis,
    • Weather & Climate,

Northwoods Flora

Boreal Border

Valley Internet Company
Return to Home Page
Send Feedback to Webmaster

Last updated on 27 September, 2002