Campanula rotundifolia


Harebell,  Heritage Lake, BWCAW, Photo © 1999 by Earl J.S. Rook
Heritage Lake, BWCAW
Photo © 1999 by Earl J.S. Rook

Flora, fauna, earth, and sky...
The natural history of the northwoods


  • Campanula, diminutive of the Latin campana, "bell", a reference to the shape of the flower.
  • rotundifolia, from the Latin, rotundus, "round, spherical", and folium, "leaf"; hence, "round leaf", a reference to the shape of the basal leaves.
  • Common name a compound of hare and bell, perhaps because of its growing in places frequented by hares (or perhaps not). Originally applied to the wild English hyacith or Blue Bell (Scilla nutans); later used in Scotland for this species, also known, therefore, as the "Blue Bells of Scotland".
  • Other common names include: Liten blåklocka, blåklocka; skredblåklocka (Swe), Blåklokke (Nor), Blå-Klokke, Liden Klokke (Dan), Kissankello (Fin), Bláklukka (Isl), Bluebell, Bluebells of Scotland, Rundblättrige Glockenblume (Ger), Currac Cuthaige (Gaelic)


  • Kingdom Plantae, the Plants
    • Division Magnoliophyta, the Angiosperms (flowering plants)
      • Class Magnoliopsida, the Dicotyledons 
      • Subclass Asteridae
        • Order Campanulales, the Bellflowers
          • Family Campanulaceae, the Bellflowers
            • Genus Campanula, the Bellflowers
  • Taxonomic Serial Number:
  • Also known as Campanula groenlandica


  • A native herbaceous perennial, to 18" tall
  • Leaves round, basal, sometimes disappearing by flowering time. Also linear and grass-like stem leaves.
  • Stem very slender
  • Flowers blue nodding, borne in terminal raceme.
    • Sepals
    • Petals
    • Stamens
    • Pistils
    • Ovary superior (within blossom) inferior (below flower)
  • Fruit
  • Seed


  • Identifiable as
  • Distinguished from
  • Field Marks


  • Alaska to Newfoundland,




  • Trees:
  • Shrubs:
  • Herbs:
  • Ground Covers:
  • Mammals:
  • Birds:




  • Sexually by seed
  • Flowers
  • Assexually by


  • By rhizome division,


  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3 (average minimum annual temperature -40ºF)
  • Cultural Requirements
    • Light:
    • Soil:
    • Water:
    • Spacing:
    • Fertilization
  • Size 12"-18"W x 12"-18"H
  • Growth rate
  • Good for
  • Cultivars include
    • variety 'Alba', with
  • Cultivars and species available by mail order from specialty suppliers or at local nurseries
  • Grows best in a rich, well-drained, moist soil, although soils of only moderate fertility will support this plant.
  • Seeds readily and can become weedy.
  • Available from nurseries and by mail order.



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Last Updated on 25 September, 2002