Moneses uniflora

One Flowered Wintergreen

One Flowered Wintergreen, Photo courtesy Wisconsin State Herbarium and Kitty Kohout
One Flowered Wintergreen
Photo courtesy Wisconsin State Herbarium
and Kitty Kohout

Flora, fauna, earth, and sky...
The natural history of the northwoods


Name:

  • Moneses, from the Greek, monos "single, and hesis, "delight"
  • uniflora, from the Latin, "one flower"
  • Common Name, from
  • Other common names include Single Delight, Wood Nymph, Olavsstake ("Olav's candlestick," Nor), ögonpyrola, ögonljus ("eyelight", Swe), Enblomstret Vintergrøn (Dan), Tähtitalvikki (Fin), Vetrarklukka (Is), Einblütiges Wintergrün, Moosauge (Ger), Glas-luibh Chùbhraidh (Gaelic), Piroletta soldanina (It)

Taxonomy:

  • Kingdom Plantae, the Plants
    • Division Magnoliophyta, the Angiosperms (flowering plants)
      • Class Magnoliopsida, the Dicotyledons
        • Subclass Dilleniidae
        • Order Ericales, the Heaths
          • Family Pyrolaceae, the Shinleafs
            • Genus Moneses,
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 503869

Description:

  • A low, deciduous, rhizomatous, perennial, 2"- 8"

Identification:

Distribution:

  • Northern North America, south in mountains.

Habitat:

  • Shade; growth most vigorous in partial shade.
  • Moist, well drained sites prefered
  • Cool, acidic soil (pH 3.0 to 7.9)

Fire:

Associates:

History:

Uses:

Reproduction:

  • Reproduces by seed and vegetatively by rhizomes

Propagation:

  • By seed, following cold stratification.
  • Division most successful method

Cultivation:

  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3 (average minimum annual temperature -40ºF)
  • Prefers cool, acidic soils
  • Not generally available commercially.

Links:

Comments:

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Last Updated on 25 September, 2002