Viola renifolia

Kidney Leaf Violet

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The natural history of the northwoods


Name:

  • Viola, from the Latin for violet
  • renifolia, from the Latin ren, "kidney", and folius, "leaf"; hence "kidney shaped leaf"
  • Common Name, from shape of the leaf
  • Other common names include Kidney-leaved Violet, Kidney-leaved White Violet

Taxonomy:

  • Kingdom Plantae, the Plants
    • Division Magnoliophyta, the Angiosperms (flowering plants)
      • Class Magnoliopsida, the Dicotyledons
      • Subclass Dilleniidae
        • Order Violales, the Violets
          • Family Violaceae, the Violets
            • Genus Viola, the Violets
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 22156
  • Also known as Viola renifolia var. brainerdii
  • Hybridizes with Viola blanda, a close relative.

Description:

  • A native perennial, 2"-4" tall.
  • Leaves reniform, or kidney-shaped, 1"-2½" long.
  • Stolons not present, unlike some similar species.
  • Flowers 10-15 mm long corolla has white petals; the lower three are purple-penciled.
  • Fruit a purplish capsule.
  • Seeds brown, 1-5 mm long.

Identification:

Distribution:

  • Newfoundland to British Columbia, south to New York, Colorado, and Washington.

Habitat:

  • Cool, damp sites in moist coniferous forests at low to middle elevations.
  • Usually found in cedar swamps, woods, and thickets of other conifers in the Lake States.
  • Seeds have been found in organic but not mineral soils.

Fire:

Associates:

History:

Uses:

Reproduction:

  • Reproduces by seed.

Propagation:

  • By seed or division.

Cultivation:

  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3 (average minimum annual temperature -40ºF)
  • May be available by mail order from specialty suppliers.

Links:

Comments:

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Last Updated on 28 September, 2002