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Jack Pine Forest

 

Jack Pine

Flora, fauna, earth, and sky...
The natural history of the northwoods

Classification

  • Province: Laurentian Mixed Forest
    • Section: Northern Superior Uplands
      • Subsection: Border Lakes
  • System: Fire Dependent Woodland

Description:

  • The Alder/Willow Wetland, about 2.5% of the BWCAW by surface area
  • Slow moving subsurface water with dense, nearly impenetrable cover of tall shrubs
  • Signature Species

Indicator
Species:

Plants of the Jack Pine/Black Spruce Community

Trees

Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

  • Reindeer Mosses, Cladonia spp.
  • Dicranum Mosses, Dicranum spp.
  • Clubmosses, Lycopodium spp.
  • Schreber's Feathermoss, Pleurozium schreberi
  • Hair Cap Moss, Polystrichum commune
  • Other Lichens and Mosses

Plants of the Jack Pine/Fir Community

Trees

Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

Plants of the Jack Pine/Oak Community

Trees

Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

  • Reindeer Mosses, Cladonia spp.
  • Dicranum Mosses, Dicranum spp.
  • Clubmosses, Lycopodium spp.
  • Schreber's Feathermoss, Pleurozium schreberi
  • Hair Cap Moss, Polystrichum commune
  • Other Lichens and Mosses

Landform & Topography:

Soils & Hydrology:

Identification:

Sub-types

  • Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  • Yellow Rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata
  • Black Throated Green Warbler, Dendroica virens
  • Blackburnian Warbler, Dendroica fusca
  • Pine Warbler, Dendroica pinus
  • Black and White Warbler, Mniotilta varia
  • Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapillus
  • Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis
  • White Throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Dark Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  • Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
  • White Winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera
  • Evening Grosbeak, Hesperiphona vespertina
  • Pine Siskin, Carduelis pinus
  • Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator
  • Moose, Alces alces
  • Snowshoe Hare, Lepus americanus
  • White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus
  • Red Squirrel, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
  • Chipmunk,
  • Red Backed Vole,
  • White Footed Mouse,

Natural
History

  • History

Other
Communities:

Lowland Plant Communities Upland Plant Communities
 

Boreal border

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Last updated on 30 June, 2004